Akkordlohn . Zeitlohn, Akkordlohn, Prämienlohn: Ausgestaltung sowie Vor-. Arbeitnehmer beanstandet nicht berücksichtigte Prämien bei Berechnung des. Beim Akkordlohn wird die tatsächlich erbrachte Leistung entgeltet. wird eingesetzt, wenn die Berechnung genauer Akkordsätze unwirtschaftlich ist. Für den. ЪНЁЁЕЁ jìjiàn göngzi Akkordlohn m Sg. ìtÍÈFIMï jijiàn Kalkulation f-en, Berechnung f-en Ъ’ГЁК jìsuàn chi Rechenschieben m – Ъ’ГЁ’ЁЁЁ jìsuàn cuòwù.

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If the contrasting principles embedded in the operation of German and British piece-rate scales can be explained neither by the mute exigencies of the labor process nor by the legacy of earlier changes at the point of production, where are we to turn for an understanding of their development and significance? In Germany, by contrast, mule berechnunh and other workers who directed the use of machinery or even selected their own underlings were generally viewed as employees who did not have the authority to assume the legal position of an employer.

The list in question was for the spinning branch. What prevented the alteration of the lists? But here one notes that the same facts expressed in terms of how long it took to weave.

If accepted as a terminus, it obstructs our understanding of how culture is situated at the point of production and of how it is reproduced. Yorkshire Factory TimesFebruary 25,p. The mechanics of the weaving activity precluded the application of a unidimensional register of the labor spent on an output.

In some areas the shift to pay by shot preceded the development of factories. The British pattern compared the picks in different kinds of finished products rather than in motions.

Meaning of “Prämienlohn” in the German dictionary

As in weaving, so in spinning. JahrhundertTeil II, — Limburg: Indeed, to economic agents in Germany, the fluctuating scales in Britain abolished such a thing as a “labor market,” given the German understanding of akjordlohn as a commodity. It is therefore desirable to show also the total weavers’ earnings for the whole shed—this is a figure that will probably be quite as useful as the other.

But with all the imprecision and misrepresentations it introduced, how could the Germans have maintained an interest in their efficiency quotient at all? Culture does not function as a steel curtain that bends practices into shape.

Der Christliche TextilarbeiterMay 16, In a single day a large mill could bdrechnung over sixty types of cloth in its looms. Berechnungg this kind of diachronic reasoning, the British might have transplanted the format of the handweaving scales into the newborn factories, where they took permanent root in collective understandings between employers’ and workers’ unions; whereas the Germans, who founded their factories later, could have started off with more “modern” thinking, shorn of the legacy of mercantile capitalism.

When a British overlooker or manager fired a weaver, he did not have to utter a word. German management journals in textiles declared that the fines levied on workers for flaws could not accurately measure the loss the owner would suffer in the market.

The Fabrication of Labor “d0e”

Thus, from the German view, there was less motivation to register the difference in cloth densities carefully; it was only necessary to capture the time lost in changing the warp and the gross differences in yarn types.

In this instance, culture need not arise as a “reflection” of economic institutions—for, as a pool of akkkordlohn resources, of ever reconstruable signs, it is not produced by those institutions—yet it is neither directive nor formative in its own right.

Instead, the appreciation of production, too, akkoordlohn upon the intervention of different concepts of labor as a commodity. How did the specifications of labor influence workers’ relations with supervisors in the factory? Edward Arnold,p. What is more, many German firms continued to invest in apparatuses which their takers-in used for measuring the length of the cloth, just like the gadgets used in Britain, even after these German companies had converted to pay by shot.

The British, with pay by length, first drew systematic linear relations between types of whole cloth and then projected these distinctions onto the weaving activity.

Athlone Press, University of London, berrchnung, p. To fill out the forms for the government’s employment censuses, managers sometimes had to ask the individual tuners for information on the current size and composition of the workforce. If Berrechnung producers defined the employment transaction as the sale of the disposition over the expenditure of labor, and British producers defined it as the transfer of materialized labor, what were the historical origins of these opposing assumptions?

EUR-Lex Access to European Union law

In Germany the relation was conceived metaphorically and the activity of weaving taken as a model or paradigm for identifying and akkordlogn the product. The weavers earned a sum for every thousand times their shuttle shot across the warp—that is, per thousand weft threads woven. Cambridge University Press,p. Augustus Kelley,p.

Pressnell, editor, Studies in the Industrial Revolution London: Owners in textiles, as in many nineteenth-century enterprises, found it expedient to impose fines akkordllhn defective goods—or to hold this sanction in reserve—as a deterrent against workers who might otherwise maximize their earnings by focusing on product quantity alone.